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Chinchero Cusco


CHINCHERO is a district of the province of Urubamba, which is 30 kilometers (19 miles) the road is paved, to the northwest of Qosqo. Its altitude is of 3780 mts. (12400 feet) during the morning and at night it's cold on the plateau. It was one of the most important Inca Villges of the region where today one can see vestiges of its great past. The meaning of his original name is lost, although, today tradition knows as the "land of the rainbow" because here the K'uychi (rainbow) is often seen in the rainy season. As is known the rainbow was a special deity among the Incas had a temple within the Qosqo Qorikancha even today people in many regions of the Andes, show, fear, respect to even worship him. Alfonsina Barrionuevo, said about people when they are in front of a rainbow ... "They say superstitiously that you cannot see the rainbow without covering the mouth because it rots your teeth. Nor is it possible to point the finger because it undermines the bones. The maids have to run from him because if caught in the field, stay tapes them ".

Chinchero Pictures

Unfortunately, as in the most towns and temples near Cusco, Chinchero wrecked the "idol-grubbers." Its destruction began when Manco Inca after his campaign decided to download Qosqo their soldiers so they could return to their farmland and caring for their families, went to Ollantaytambo Chinchero and burning through to the invaders who were chasing him could not have food and shelter. Consequently in 1572, Viceroy Toledo founded the "Doctrine of Our Lady of Montserrat Chinchero" and called for the construction of the current Catholic Church was already finished by the early seventeenth century, possibly in 1607, this is the year found in the writings of the main arch in the church, which used to be finely carved limestone building that belonged to a great palace of the Inca. The objective was to build Inca palaces with tile roofs and earth brought in some sectors. It was in the sixties when the Inca palace was discovered by the Catholic Church. The palace must have been very important because the facade indicates its category. Farther south in the plains there are two "waka" (sacred areas) carved in limestone, but today they are known as "Chinkana" and "Titiqaqa. To the west there is another shrine named "Pumaqaqa" where you can see stone sculptures on-site two pumas that were mutilated heads. In the farthest west of the plain mentioned there are still large quantities of crops that are grown today in spite of having lost their aqueducts
In the southeastern side of the church is the town's main square. On its western side there is a wall containing large trapezoidal niches that can allow a person standing inside very easily, and these must have served to keep the nobility mummies and idols. That wall has a niche with genuine carved cornice. In the middle of this square there is a bust in honor Pumakawa Chiwant'ito Mateo Garcia who was born in the house located in front of the bust, it has small windows on the second floor savvy. Mateo Pumakawa Quechua was the official head of Chinchero officer level and paid by the Spanish army fought against Tupac Amaru II Revolucinario who helped cause his defeat in 1781. Being very old wanted to repair what he did against his people and his race Angulo brothers uniting to fight against the Spanish crown. But in 1814 he was beaten and hanged from an arch.

After the defeat of Tupac Amaru, Pumakawa made his victory in the frescos that are above the gate of the church in the middle of the Virgin of Montserrat, on ther right side is the victory celebration that coincides with the procession of the Thanksgiving and the presence of St Peter and St Paul have in hand the keys to heaven.
At the left side of the Virgin is the faction battle of Tupaq Amaru representing chaos. There are finished images of Pumakawa symbolizing how victorious struggle of the Pumas and other images representing Tupac Amaru symbolizing the "amaru (snake). Inside the church there is a canvas depicting the Virgin of Montserrat where you can see angels that are mountains, painted by Francisco Chiwant'ito in 1693. Juan Carlos Estenssoro wrote on that canvas, "The Virgin, although typically Spanish, is related to some others in the Andean imagination as the Virgin of Galleries.

Every Sunday morning there is a native market, typically very good and commendable in this region of Chinchero. Here it is still possible to observe the barter (exchange) of species, and often people exchange tropical species such as fruit, coca, salt with some other regional species such as potatoes, broad beans, ollucos, etc.. There is also here a good market for tourists who are known for weaving crafts made (textiles)
unlike other markets where traders are foreigners, traders here are regional native people.

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