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Ollantaytambo Cusco


OLLANTAYTAMBO (Quechua: Ullantaytampu) is an Inca village and archaeological site, located about 60 miles northwest of Cusco. It is located in the district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, Cusco region. During the Inca Empire, Pachacuteq conquered the region and built the village and ceremonial center. At the time of conquest this place served as a strong point of resistance for Manco Inca Yupanqui, Inca resistance leader. Ollantaytambo is the only Inca city inhabited in Perú. It is now a major tourist attraction because of its Inca buildings and for being one of the most common starting points of the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
Ollantaytambo is located riverbank of Patacancha, near the point where it joins the Urubamba River, approximately 60 km northwest of Cusco and has a height of 2,792 meters above sea level.

Ollantaytambo Pictures

History
According to Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, a Spanish chronicler of the sixteenth century, the Inca emperor Pachacutec conquered and destroyed Ollantaytambo and then incorporate it into their empire under the rule of the Incas, the town was rebuilt with splendid buildings and the Urubamba River valley was irrigated and equipped with terraces, the town served as shelter for the Inca nobility while the platforms were worked by yanaconas, servants of the emperor after the death of Pachacutec the region rose to the custody of his panaca Inca. During the Spanish conquering Ollantaytambo served as temporary capital for Manco Inca Yupanqui, Inca resistance leader against the Spanish conquerors.

Under his tenure, the town and its surroundings were heavily fortified in the direction of the ancient Inca capital of Cusco, which had fallen under Spanish domination. On the plain of Mascabamba, near Ollantaytambo, Manco Inca defeated a Spanish expedition to block its advance from a set of platforms and flooding the plain. However, despite his victory, Manco Inca did not consider staying in Ollantaytambo viable so they withdrew to the thick forest in the area of Vilcabamba. In 1540, the native population of Ollantaytambo was assigned in encomienda to Hernando Pizarro.

Architecture
This is one of the most monumental architectural complexes of the ancient Inca Empire, commonly called "Fortress" because of its huge walls, was actually a city-Tambo or accommodation, strategically located to dominate the Sacred Valley.
The architectural type employees, as well as the quality of each stone, worked individually, make Ollantaytambo one of the most unique artwork and amazing that made the ancient Peruvians, especially the Temple of the Sun and its gigantic monoliths.

Origin of name
Cusco historian Victor Angles explains the origin of the name of Ollantaytambo, referring to the late eighteenth century staged a drama whose hero Inca argument was General Ollantay, and where the actions took place-as a literary work - was down Yucay dairy, which from that time began to be generalized as Ollantaytambo.  Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, after praising the greatness and magnificence of the ancient fortifications Tampu, reports that were sent to build for the Inca Wiraqucha, the Like the great and ancient buildings that exist there.

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Cusco Archaeological Sites


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