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Pikillacta Cusco


On the way are located the districts of Oropeza, Lucre and Andahuaylillas near the Lake Wakarpay wtih an altitude of about 3200 mts. (10500 feet). In the Andes of Peru there are approximately 12000 small lakes like Wakarpay, almost all of them have very rich flora and fauna, typically have many stalks of reeds that is the environment for wild ducks of various species, geese, flamingos, etc. also fishees such us trout and mackerel. "Pikillaqta" is a compose Quechua word that means "flee town" (piki = flee; llaqta = Town) But that's not the original name of the area or the main site, its previous name is unknown, although many writers refer to this area with the name "Muyuna", "Muyna" or "Mohina.  It seems that the site started to be  called "Pikillaqta" from the last years of the colonial era or the beginning of the republic, the reason is unknown.

Pikillacta Pictures

The pre-Hispanic site is located at 3350 Pikillaqta mts. (11000 feet) and belonged to a city of  Wari Culture  currently Ayacucho. The Wari culture is a mixture of cultural elements of the warp, Nazca and Tiawanako civilizations. Was taken out of its territorial expansion and began the invasion of Wari Cusco valley around 750 AD developed until about 1200. In the early development of the Inca period Waris were defeated and conquered in this region but the city refused to be part of the empire. Today the city contains about 700 buildings, 200 "kanchas" (apartments) and 504 "qolqas" (warehouses) and different buildings. It must have had a population of approximately 10 thousand people.
The city has a very harmonious geometrical plan and nearly perfect, divided into blocks with straight streets. The Archaeologist Mc. Ewan said that here there were several complementary sectors: administrative, ceremonial, urban, defensive and road system. Its buildings were 2 or even 3 floors, with high walls made of mud attached to rocks, the walls were wide at the base and thin at the top. According to studies directed by the team of Mark Gordon. Ewan in the early nineties, these walls were originally covered with mud from 9 cm. plaster and painted with equally, the floors were made with a type of thick plaster, thus demonstrating that it was a white city. The rooms were narrow, certainly adapted to the length of the wood available in the region. In 1927, Just Aparicio, archaeologist found in turquoise 40 micro-sculptures representing human types with different costumes and extraordinary documentary value for the study of costume in ancient Peru. These small representations measured from 25 to 45 mm. high.
These are now exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Cusco. As a result Luis A. Pardo found a stone sculpture representing a puma in natural size. Many scholars suggest that in Inca times, Pikillaqta was used as a city for "mitimaes" (group of people or tribes who moved from one place to another). Today there is no water in this place Wakarpay lagoon is about 1 km. (0.62 miles) out of place and a low of about 150 mts. (492 feet). However, in ancient times they had plenty of water in the Town. There is a very old tradition that Alfonsina Barrionuevo summarized by saying that once a beautiful princess named Qori T'ika (Golden Flower) lived in this place that had no water and their fields just bloomed in the rainy season, when he was adult and wanted to help his people and decided to give his love to anyone who can get water for Pikillaqta.

The offer was met by three young princes was Qolla Pauker ( "Qollao" or Altiplano), Tuyasta was Canchino (Canchis province) and Sunqo Rumi was Quechua. The first used to build aqueduct altitudes in the mountains and the water could not reach the city. The second, a man from the lower region surrounding built an aqueduct montañescas skirts but still could not get the mission  of the princess. The Cusquenian, born at medium altitude did a great job of hydraulic engineering and served with the order giving water to the city, and win the love of Qori T'ika.
Today, you can see by the middle of the opposite mountain (across the lagoon on the east side of Lucre town), two horizontal parallel lines are two of the three aqueducts built by the Cuscquenian. Only the upper channel of the two channels reached Pikillaqta, covers around 10 km (6.2 miles). The park has some other interesting places like Choquepuqyo, Kañaraqay, Minaspata, Amarupata, Salitriyuq, Tamboraqay, Qaranqayniyuq, Rayallaqta, etc.. Towards the eastern end of the lagoon, there are many terraces of the crop in the rocky mountain sides and down some modern buildings that are used as a rest house for occasional visitors. Piquillacta eastward is a large wall on its upper side as decoration is the aqueduct of pre-Columbian city water there are two gates named as Gates of his time in Rumiqollqa served by seeing people coming to Cusco.

It is known that all the people who had to visit the vast empire had to leave offerings prepared for their lives. We also know that the city of Cusco for the Quechua was something like "Mecca". Thus, each inhabitant of Tawantinsuyo was like a dream to visit at least once in their life the "city of the puma." Visiting this city simply gave them a higher level people, for example, if two people coming from distant places and were traveling in opposite direction, the person who had visited Cusco was recognized and greeted him with respect by whom he had not visited yet. Today the east of the paved road at kilometer 35 (mile 22) is the Rumiqolqa (rumi = stone, qolqa = store) very famous in the Inca times that of the andesite was mined there was used to construct buildings Cusco important. Today, the mine still operates, and the substructures are completely disturbed.

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Cusco Archaeological Sites


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