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Raqchi Cusco


Continuing the route to the east of the city of Puno, at km 125 is the town of Raqchi which belongs to the district of San Pedro de Cacha Canchis province. Raqchi is on the right bank of Vilcanota River, at an altitude of 3500 mts. (11500 feet). Apparently his pre-Columbian name was "Cache" and not "Raqchi".

Raqchi Pictures

Evidence indicates that Raqchi was a Town of multiple building complex , including the farming terraces for various purposes, "kanchas" (apartments), "wayranas" (buildings that have only 3 walls), "qolqas" (stores), different polls , religious water sources, etc.. Possibly, it was a "tambo" important route to the "Collasuyo. The most important building within the complex is the Temple of Wiraqocha ", which according to ancient chroniclers was built by the Inca Wiraqocha in honor of Superior invisible God of Andean people:" Apu Kon Titi Wiraqocha. Pedro Cieza de Leon collected the tradition that the urn was built after the appearance of a man who began performing miracles in this place, and the villagers had decided to through him stones to death, but to go for what this strange man found kneeling with arms outstretched, and immediately after a rain of fire fell. Thus, these men felt sorry they let him go, this strange man had gone to the coast and plunged into the ocean and disappeared forever.

After this the people built a shrine in his memory and a sculpture of a stone idol which some conquerors who saw it, thought that it wasthe image of a Christian apostle that passed through these lands. Involving the rain of fire may be reported some volcanic eruption "Kinsach'ata" now extinct was located by these environments, around the area there are a lot of dry lava (volcanic stone). The Temple of Wiraqocha "is a grandiose construction for its era. Architecturally it is classified as "Kallanka",  a large building completely covered with straw (wood and "bunch grass"); externally measures 92 m. (302 feet) long and 25.25 m. (83 feet) wide. Its main wall was made from finely carved stone base has a height about 3 m. adobe (earth bricks with sun-dried straw) walls are 1.65 m. thick at the base and 1.30 m. approximately the top. Today the wall is 12 m. tall and a century ago, was 15 m. and according to a hypothetical reconstruction originally made by Santiago Agurto must have been 16.60 m. Its side walls were 1.20 m. thick and 3 m. high.

The roof was impressive with almost 2500 square meters and cost approximately an inclination of 50 °. There were columns that are still round the bases between the central and the side wall to support the roof, these columns were 1.60 m. in diameter and about 9.80 m. high. There are some other very important sectors with the remaining "wayranas" and a lot of "qolqas" walled type pirka "on this same area.

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